The two-headed eagle was one of the most important symbols of the Byzantine Empire, but double-headed eagles have been used as ornaments for many centuries, even before the creation of the Empire. The Byzantines often used the symbol in imperial costumes and patriarchal vestments, emblems and flags, as well as imperial seals. The double-headed eagle, during the Byzantine period, almost always had the colors of the Empire, which were gold and red.
The symbol is directly connected with the Byzantine history, as the two heads represent the Emperor having authority over both secular and religious matters and it signified the dominance of the Byzantine Emperors over both East and West. The left head of the eagle, which is facing the west, symbolizes Rome, while the right, facing towards the east, symbolizes Constantinople. This byzantine emblem was adopted from several European states, who continue to use it as their national emblem until this day.
Findings with depictions of the two-headed eagle are kept at the Byzantine & Christian Museum in Athens and at the Museum of Byzantine Culture in Thessaloniki.
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