A representation of Apollo wearing a laurel or myrtle wreath, holding his lyre in his left hand and pouring a libation with his right hand is attributed to Pistoxenos painter. The inspiration came from a tondo on an attic white-ground kylix (vase) from Delphi. It is dated to 480 - 470 B.C. Apollo was the patron god of music and arts. The lyre was the most respectable and known of all the musical instruments in ancient Greece and it was closely associated with the worship of god Apollo, Hermes and the nine Muses. The lyre was the main instrument of the musical education of the Greek youths. The relief representation is crafted by hand and is made of copper placed in a wooden frame.
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Dimensions: 25 cm x 25 cm x 4 cm
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Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto and twin brother of Artemis. He was the great Olympian god of prophecy and oracles, disease, music, song and poetry and archery. As the god of music, he is often depicted playing a golden lyre. Apollo was also considered as the god of healing and medicine, either through himself or through his son Asclepius.
Apollo was an oracular god, as he was the prophetic deity in the Oracle in Delphi. The god was also worshipped in the island of Delos, where he was born. His holy tree was the laurel, and his holy animal was the dolphin.
The lyre is considered the "national" musical instrument of the ancient Greeks. It is the most respectable and known of all the instruments and it was closely associated with the worship of god Apollo, Hermes and the nine Muses. Due to its simple construction and function, the lyre was the main instrument of the musical education of the Greek youths. The lyre was also named "chelys" (tortoise), because its sound box was made from the shell of a tortoise. It appears on greek art towards the end of the 8th century B.C., whereas it is documented with a greater frequency in historic sources and in literature from the 6th century B.C.
The Greeks claimed a Greek origin for the lyre. In greek mythology, the invention of the lyre is attributed to Hermes at Kyllene of Arcadia. The new-born baby turned the shell of a tortoise into the sound box of the first lyre. He also stole a heard of cows from his brother Apollo and used the intestines of the cows as chords to the lyre. Hermes offered the lyre to Apollo, in order to appease him, when the latter found out about the theft. Hermes also taught the art of the lyre to Orpheus and Amphion, who was the first lyre player of the world.
The replica is based on the representation of Apollo and his lyre on an attic white-ground kylix (vase), which was found in the archaeological site of Delphi and is dated to 480 - 470 B.C. It is probably attributed to Pistoxenos Painter and is now at the Delphi Archaeological Museum.
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