Inspired by the shape and the semantics of an ancient wine jug, we created a key-ring with a toast for Peace engraving the saying of the famous Greek philosopher Epictetus, 50 AD, "The world of ours is a single city". This characteristic beak-spouted jug, dated around 2700 - 2500 BC, from central Crete, is an example of the Pre-palatial era pottery culture. The key-ring is made of gold-plated 24K brass, and is attached with a red satin cord or black leather to a ring. Just note your preference (red or black) when you place your order in the comments box.
Dimensions: 3 cm x 4 cm x 1mm (thickness)
All prices include VAT.
This characteristic beak-spouted jug of the Prepalatial period, dated around 2700 - 2500 B.C. comes from Vasiliki near Ierapetra, one of the most important Cretan settlements of the Early Bronze Age. The local pottery style of Vasiliki combines daring tall-necked shapes with a stained decoration obtained by uneven firing of the clay. This jug is made of a light coloured clay and has a large spout resembling a bird's beak. Two plastic disks placed on either side of the handle at the base of the spout recall the bird's eyes, while the overall shape of the body conveys the lively figure of a bird looking upwards. The red flame-like stains on the brown surface were obtained by sticking leaves onto the clay to prevent it from firing evenly.
Epictetus (AD 55–135) was a Greek sage and Stoic philosopher. He was born at Hierapolis, Phrygia and he spent his youth as a slave in Rome to Epaphroditos, a wealthy freedman and secretary to Nero.
Early in life, Epictetus acquired a passion for philosophy, and with the permission of his wealthy owner, he studied Stoic philosophy under Musonius Rufus. In some manner Epictetus obtained his freedom, sometime after Nero's death in the year 68 AD., and began to teach philosophy in Rome. About 93 AD., Emperor Domitian banished all philosophers from the city, and Epictetus fled to Nicopolis in Epirus, Greece, where he founded a philosophical school and he lived there for the rest of his life.
No writings of Epictetus himself are really known. His discourses were transcribed and compiled by his pupil, Arrian. The main work is The Discourses, four books of which have been preserved (out of an original eight). Arrian also compiled a popular digest, entitled the Enchiridion, or Handbook.
Both the Discourses and the Enchiridion begin by distinguishing between those things in our power (prohairetic things) and those things not in our power (aprohairetic things). We have no power over external things, and the good that ought to be the object of our earnest pursuit, is to be found only within ourselves. The determination between what is good and what is not good is made by the capacity for choice (prohairesis).
Suffering occurs from trying to control what is uncontrollable, or from neglecting what is within our power. Epictetus maintains that the foundation of all philosophy is self-knowledge, that is, the conviction of our ignorance and gullibility ought to be the first subject of our study.
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