The archaeological site of Plato Academy, also known as Hekademia, used to be outside the city walls of Athens, in antiquity and it was probably named after the legendary hero Academos or Hecademos. During the Classical times, it evolved into Akademia. Plato established his School of Philosophy,The Academy, in 387 B.C.
The Academy persisted throughout the Hellenistic period as a skeptical school, until coming to an end after the death of Philo of Larissa in 83 BC. During 410AD, a revived Academy was re-established as a center for Neoplatonism, persisting until 529 AD when it was finally closed down by Justinian I.
Besides Plato, a long series of renowned ancient scholars served as heads of the Academy: Speusippus (347-339 BC), Xenocrates (339-314 BC), Polemon (314-269 BC), Crates (ca. 269-266 BC), and Arcesilaus (ca. 266-240 BC). Later scholars included Lacydes of Cyrene, Carneades, Clitomachus, and Philo of Larissa, who was the last undisputed head of the Academy. Other notable members of the Academy included Aristotle, Heraclides Ponticus, Eudoxus of Cnidus, Philip of Opus, Crantor, and Antiochus of Ascalon. In fact, Aristotle studied at the Academy for twenty years (367 BC – 347 BC), before he founded his own school, the Lyceum.
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